Q. Why do so many people develop cataracts?

A. Cataracts are a cloudiness that develops in the natural crystalline lens of the eye. As we age, the normally clear lens commonly develops cloudiness and if this is significant enough, can cause blurry vision, haloes and glare at night, and difficulties with distinguishing colors. It is believed that UV damage from ordinary sunlight can, over time, be a triggering factor. Infections, injuries, diabetes, and genetics can also be factors in developing cataracts.


Q. At what point should cataract surgery be performed? And will I need to wear glasses after cataracts surgery?

A. Cataract surgery is one of the most common and successful procedures that can be performed today. When a cataract has progressed to the point of significantly hampering your vision, you and your ophthalmologist will be able to decide if the time is correct for treatment. The basic costs of cataract surgery are usually covered by your medical insurance plan. Cataract surgery is done as an outpatient procedure, and the patient is expected to be comfortable and return to normal activities by the following day. We generally perform the surgery on only one eye at a time. The cloudy cataract lens is removed and replaced with a clear implant. Some of the current specialized implants can get your vision so good after surgery that it could be possible to be able to see well distance and near without having to depend on glasses.